Diabetes is a problem. Diabetes is a burden. Diabetes is a global epidemic.
As of 2014, an estimated 382 million people worldwide have diabetes according to the International Diabetes Federation. In the next 20 years, it is estimated that 1 in 10 people will have Diabetes which would result in approximately 592 million having diabetes by 2035.
Diabetes inflicts great harm from a societal, economic and social perspective. It disrupts lives, affects family, work and friendships and above all else puts a great deal of strain on the healthcare system.
One of the leading researchers of Diabetes Leonor Guariguata estimates that the War on Diabetes while entirely winnable is being lost and that the numbers presented currently are far too conservative.
Presently, the number of people with Type 2 diabetes is expected to double in less than 25 years. Approximately 80% of the people living with diabetes are in low and middle-income countries.
What is Diabetes
Diabetes or as it’s known in medicine, Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to produce insulin, or the bodies inability to utilize the insulin it creates.
Insulin is a hormone created by the pancreas and as such it allows the body to convert glucose from the foods we consume into energy so that our blood cells can utilize it to function properly. Simply, insulin helps turn glucose into energy and transports it into our cells.
For diabetics, this is a problem as they are unable to produce insulin or use it efficiently which in turn leads to volatility in their glucose levels. Too high of a level results in hyperglycaemia which over a long period of time can damage the body through organ and tissue failure.
Types of Diabetes
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Gestational Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
People afflicted with Type 1 diabetes, cannot produce insulin, a hormone necessary to convert glucose into energy. Approximately 5% of the diabetic population has Type 1 Diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
Individuals afflicted with Type 2 diabetes, have developed a resistance to the insulin produced within their bodies. Most Type 2 diabetics are although a growing number of research has indicated that young people are at severe risk of becoming Type 2 diabetics very early in their life. Type 2 diabetes affects 90% to 95% of the diabetic population.
This type of diabetes occurs as a result of hormonal changes in a woman’s body during pregnancy. It can increase both the mother and child’s risk of getting Type 2 diabetes later on in their respective lives.
Countries with the most people affected by Diabetes
- The United States of America
States with the Fastest Growth of Diabetes
- Oklahoma (226% increase)
- Kentucky (158% increase)
- Georgia (145% increase)
- Alabama (140% increase)
- Washington (135% increase)
Countries with the Fastest Growth of Diabetes
- Saudi Arabia
Latest Statistics on Diabetes
An estimated 5.1 million people died of diabetes-related complications in 2013.
17% of babies in 2013 were born to women with high blood sugar levels, a sign of gestational diabetes.
More than 79,000 children developed Type 1 diabetes in 2013; that’s up from 77,800 in 2011
The equivalent of $548 billion was spent on health care for diabetes patients around the world in 2013
The American Diabetes Association says approximately 8% of the U.S. population, or 25.8 million people, have diabetes and another 79 million people are pre-diabetic.
More Mexican-Americans have diabetes with close to 14% affected by it now vs. just under 10% 25 years ago.
The high school dropout rate among diabetics was 6% higher than the dropout rate among their peers.
The likelihood that a diabetic student will attend college is 8 to 13% lower and that over the course of a lifetime, a diabetic could lose more than $160,000 in wages.